There are three levels of civil jurisdiction in Monaco.
Jurisdictions of First Instance
Justice of the Peace: dealing with small claims under €4,600
Court of First Instance: ruling on civil and commercial litigation and certain areas of administrative disputes involving the State or public bodies, on claims in excess of €4,600.
Joint Tribunals: the Labor Tribunal (ruling on disputes arising from contracts of employment) and the Rent Arbitration Commission (commercial or housing matters).
Court of Appeal
The Court of Appeal has general jurisdiction over appeals.
The Court of First Instance may also hear appeals in certain circumstances provided for in law (such as appeals against rulings by the Justice of the Peace, the Labor Tribunal and arbitration rulings).
Court of Revision
The Court of Revision acts as a Court of Cassation.
Its role is purely to ensure that lower courts have correctly applied the law. The Court of Revision may decide to confirm or quash the decision brought before it. In certain cases, the Court may also remit a case for re-examination after further findings.